Glossary

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Culling Culling is the process of selecting and killing animals on a relatively large scale. In New Zealand, culling was done to control the deer populations.
Fair Chase Fair chase is the ethical, sportsmanlike, and lawful pursuit and taking of any free-ranging wild animal in a manner that does not give the hunter an improper advantage.
Fallow deer Fallow deer originated in Turkey, spread to England around 150AD, then were released multiple times in New Zealand over about a 50-year period beginning in the late 1800's. The bucks weigh between 130 and 200 lbs, and have antlers shaped a bit like a cross between a moose and a red deer, with a broad flat section in addition to the pointed tines. There are four main variants of the species: Common, Menil, Melanistic and Albinistic. The Common form has a brown coat with white spots that are most evident in summer; this variant's coat turns much darker in winter. The Albinistic variety is the lightest and is nearly white. The Menil is darker, and the Melanistic is almost black which makes it easy to confuse it with Sika deer. Today, they're found in many areas in the wild on both the North and South island.
Fiordland An area in the south-western corner of the South Island of New Zealand, consisting of the steep Southern Alps, deep lakes, and large valleys to the west. Fiordland's name comes from the Scandinavian "fjord", and the area does indeed have a number of fjords, the best known being Milford Sound.
Free Range A large hunting area, where the game is not fenced in. Free range hunts can take place on both public and private lands.
Game Estate A private piece of property established for the use of hunting, where the animals are farmed and hunting is controlled by the owners of the property.
Harem A herd of female deer dominated by a single male deer (stag) during the mating season.
Hind A female deer.
Rut The mating season, also known as the "roar". For fallow deer, the rut typically is from early April through late May.
Stag A male deer. Sometimes you'll also hear them referred to as bucks.

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